ELECTRONIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA–ISSUES AND STRATEGIES

The electronic industry is the world’s largest and fastest growing manufacturing industry (Radha, 2002; DIT, 2003). During the last decade, it has assumed the role of providing a forceful leverage to the socio - economic and technological growth of a developing society. The consequence of its consumer oriented growth combined with rapid product obsolescence and technological advances are a new environmental challenge - the growing menace of “Electronics Waste” or “e waste” that consists of obsolete electronic devices. It is an emerging problem as well as a business opportunity of increasing significance, given the volumes of e-waste being generated and the content of both toxic and valuable materials in them. The fraction including iron, copper, aluminium, gold and other metals in e-waste is over 60%, while plastics account for about 30% and the hazardous pollutants comprise only about 2.70% (Widmer et al., 2005).

The current practices of e-waste management in India suffer from a number of drawbacks like the difficulty in inventorisation, unhealthy conditions of informal recycling, inadequate legislation, poor awareness and reluctance on part of the corporate to address the critical issues. The consequences are that (i) toxic materials enter the waste stream with no special precautions to avoid the known adverse effects on the environment and human health and (ii) resources are wasted when economically valuable materials are dumped or unhealthy conditions are developed during the informal recycling. The paper highlights the associated issues and strategies to address this emerging problem, in the light of initiatives in India. The paper presents a waste management system with shared responsibility for the collection and recycling of electronic wastes amongst the manufacturers / assemblers, importers, recyclers, regulatory bodies and the consumers.



Copyright: © IWWG International Waste Working Group
Quelle: Specialized Session C (Oktober 2007)
Seiten: 9
Preis: € 9,00
Autor: Joseph Kurian

Artikel weiterleiten In den Warenkorb legen Artikel kommentieren


Diese Fachartikel könnten Sie auch interessieren:

bifa-Text Nr. 56: Entsorgung gefährlicher Abfälle in Bayern. Eine ökobilanzielle Analyse mit Kostenbetrachtung
© bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (3/2012)
Im Auftrag des Bayerischen Staatsministeriums für Umwelt und Gesundheit (StMUG) hat die bifa Umweltinstitut GmbH (bifa) 18 in einer Vorstudie ausgewählte gefährliche Abfälle in einer Ökobilanz betrachtet. Ziel war die Schaffung einer Grundlage zur Bewertung der ökologischen Wirkungen der Entsorgung gefährlicher Abfälle in Bayern und zur Identifizierung von Optimierungsansätzen.

WasteNet: Ein internationales Netzwerk für nachhaltige Abfallwirtschaft
© Springer Vieweg | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH (3/2009)
Ein neues internationales Netzwerk ermöglicht den Erfahrungsaustausch zwischen Lateinamerika, Asien und Europa. Mit dem Schwerpunkt auf angepasste Technologien soll eine nachhaltige Entwicklung im Bereich Abfallwirtschaft angestoßen und ein Beitrag zu den Milleniumszielen geleistet werden.

HAZARDOUS INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN RAMALLAH CITY, WEST BANK: CURRENT STATUS AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
In several developing countries, the poor management of hazardous waste is related to insufficient regulations, inability to enforce them, or weak institutional structure (Tarras- Wahlberga, 2007; Santhakumar, 2003). Weak, soft or uneven enforcement of environmental law discourage industries from reducing pollution (Vermeer, 1998; El-Zayat, Ibraheem et al., 2006). Environmental laws differ among various countries. Generally speaking, developing countries have less stringent laws than those in developed countries (Kamau, 2005).

CURRENT SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Concerning solid waste management, BiH is legging behind developed countries. The problem of collection, treatment and final disposal of waste was not treated adequately even before the war. The destruction caused by the 1992-95 Bosnian war has only made things worse. A number of project and studies on solid waste management have been funded and supported by the Word Bank, EC, other IFIs and local authorities in an attempt to improve the situation in this domain. The legal framework was adopted by both entity governments in parallel to affore mentioned activities of project documentations preparation.

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN CHENNAI CITY, INDIA
© IWWG International Waste Working Group (10/2007)
Municipal Solid Waste includes commercial and residential wastes generated in municipal or notified areas, in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes, but including treated bio-medical wastes (MoEF, 2000). The quality and quantity of MSW generated by a particular community will vary according to their socio-economic status, cultural habits, urban structure, population and commercial activities. Asian countries are facing MSWM problems due to the rapid growth in MSW generation rate. The total quantity of waste generated by 23 metro cities in India was 30,000 tpd in 1999, which has increased considerably to about 52,000 tpd (Inance et al, 2004).

Name:

Passwort:

 Angemeldet bleiben

Passwort vergessen?

 
Leichtweiß-Institut
Physikalische und biologische
Aufbereitungs- und Behandlungs-
technologien, TU Braunschweig

ecovio® -
Erster Kunststoff der
BASF auf Basis nach-
wachsender Rohstoffe

Abfallausstellung
Nur wer die Geschichte kennt,
siegt im ewigen Kampf
gegen den Müll