On Global Treaty Relations – Hurdles on the Way towards a Universal Civil Nuclear Liability Regime

„A special regime for third party liability should as far as possible provide a uniform system for all Western European countries. The effects and repercussions of a nuclear incident will not stop at political or geographical frontiers and it is highly desirable that persons on one side of a frontier should be no less well protected than persons on the other side. For these reasons, an international agreement setting up such a regime is desirable. Such an agreement, supplementing the measures applied in the related and important fields of public health and safety and the prevention of accidents, may also facilitate the solution of third party liability problems at a national level.“

I. The need for a specialised uniform international nuclear liability regime
II. Global treaty relations – an achievable objective?
1. Treaty statistics
2. Reasons for the reluctance of states to adhere to the liability conventions
III. Existing elements of a global regime
1. Liability without fault (strict liability)
2. Exclusive liability of the operator of a nuclear installation (legal channelling of liability)
3. Possibility to limit liability in amount
4. Limitation of liability in time
5. Concept of compensable nuclear damage
6. Mandatory financial security to cover liabilities
7. Principle of non-discrimination of victims
8. Competent court, recognition and enforcement of judgements
IV. Combining the common elements to establish a uniform system
1. The Vienna Convention – Joint Protocol – Paris Convention Triad
2. The Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage
V. A global nuclear liability regime – a goal too far?

Copyright: © Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
Quelle: EurUP 06/2008 (Januar 2009)
Seiten: 13
Preis inkl. MwSt.: € 20,00
Autor: Dr. Norbert Pelzer

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