Possibilities of Development of Municipal Waste Recycling and Incineration in Poland

One of the basic rules in the field of waste management is the use of processes which are located as high as possible in the waste hierarchy, while taking into consideration the life cycle thinking. This also applies to municipal waste management. Waste prevention is at the top of the hierarchy. This is followed by: preparation for reuse, recycling and other recovery processes, including thermal treatment (incineration) of waste with energy recovery. The disposal of waste, which includes, among others, landfilling, is at the bottom of the hierarchy. Thus, the objective is to move up the hierarchy, which means moving away from waste disposal towards waste recovery.

In recent years, there have been positive changes in the field of waste management in Poland. However, taking into account the state of municipal waste management in other European Union countries, further progress is possible. Achieving higher levels of high-quality recycling requires, first of all, appropriate development of the system of separate collection of municipal waste, so that it is efficient and ensures the quality of the waste, as expected by the recycling industry. It should be noted that the paper, steel and glass industries have adequate capacities to process these recyclable materials. Even assuming more than 50 percent of target recycling level (this level should be achieved in a sustainable way), there is still the possibility of expanding the capacity with regard to incineration of municipal waste.

Copyright: © TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft
Quelle: Waste Management, Volume 5 (Dezember 2015)
Seiten: 11
Preis inkl. MwSt.: € 0,00
Autor: Dr. Beata B. Klopotek

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